Kateqoriya arxivləri: Asian Region

Will Central Asia Fight Over Water Resources?

Women pick cotton in 2005 in the town of Andijan, Uzbekistan, for farmers who are forced to sign annual agreements with the government to grow one of the country's leading exports. (AP Photo/Mikhail Metzel)
Women pick cotton in 2005 in the town of Andijan, Uzbekistan, for farmers who are forced to sign annual agreements with the government to grow one of the country’s leading exports. (AP Photo/Mikhail Metzel)

Water has always been a major cause of wars and border conflicts in the Central Asian region. For being one of the greatest geographical regions, Central Asia has limited water resources. Modern history of the region has been fueled with various ethnic and territorial clashes. Apparently, the main catalysts behind conflicts have been attempts to take control of rich water resources. The main sources of water in Central Asia are the Syr Darya and Amu Darya Rivers, mostly fed by snow- and glacier-melt from the Pamir, Hindu Kush and Tien Shan mountain ranges. The 2,200-kilometer Syr Darya originates in the Tien Shan, flows through Kyrgyzstan as the Naryn River and combines with the Kara Darya to become the Syr Darya.

The water resource crisis is not a new phenomenon in Central Asia. With the eventual fall of the Soviet Union, the resource-sharing system it imposed on the region totally disintegrated. The root of the problem is that the main water resources in Central Asia Oxumağa davam et Will Central Asia Fight Over Water Resources?

Will the ‘Troika format’ of Astana talks bring peace to Syria?

Turkish Foreign Ministry Deputy Undersecretary Sedat Onal, left, and Kazakh Foreign Minister Kairat Abdrakhmanov shake hands, as Russia’s special envoy on Syria Alexander Lavrentiev and Iran’s Deputy Foreign Minister Hossein Jaber Ansari, right, shake hands and UN Syria envoy Staffan de Mistura stand after the final statement following the talks on Syrian peace in Astana, Kazakhstan, Tuesday, Jan. 24, 2017. (Photo: AP)

On January 23, the next phase of peace talks started in the capital of Kazakhstan, Astana. Syria’s government and opposition forces are to meet in Kazakh capital Astana for the first time since the fall of Aleppo.

Negotiations between the Syrian government delegation and rebel fighters, sponsored by Russia and Turkey – who have been backing different sides of the conflict – are expected to last three days. One of the most significant points of the talks is that this time Syrian opposition is represented mainly by the militant groups, which fight in Syria, not just by secular, and political forces. Nevertheless, uncertainty prevails over all aspects of the talks – from the attendant list to the agenda of the meeting.

The guarantors of the Astana talks – Turkey, Iran, and Russia are seemingly making efforts to show the effectiveness of “Troika” Oxumağa davam et Will the ‘Troika format’ of Astana talks bring peace to Syria?

Azerbaijan’s Growing Military Cooperation With Pakistan

Prime minister Nawaz Sharif and President Ilham Aliyev during joint press conference in Baku (2016)
Prime minister Nawaz Sharif and President Ilham Aliyev during the joint press conference. Baku, 2016

Baku is seeking out increased defense imports from Pakistan, including JF-17 aircraft.

Azerbaijan and Pakistan have a unique political relationship that has surpassed territorial boundaries and geographical distances. Pakistan was among the first states to recognize Azerbaijan’s independence following the 1991 Soviet collapse. Today, Pakistan is the only country that has not established diplomatic relations with Baku’s main foe, Armenia. The bilateral strategic cooperation between these two countries embraces the economic, cultural, political, and especially defense fields. Taking into account their close ties, the current level of military cooperation between Azerbaijan and Pakistan needs to be emphasized. While Azerbaijan’s defense industry has strategic relations with various countries, Baku has been seeking ways of expanding military cooperation with Pakistan in particular over the last years.

Given the Pakistan’s status as a nuclear power, combined with its dynamic military muscle, military cooperation can be seen as another fundamental building block of the bilateral relationship. Oxumağa davam et Azerbaijan’s Growing Military Cooperation With Pakistan

China’s Economic and Military Expansion in Tajikistan

Chinese President Xi Jinping (1st L) and Tajik President Emomali Rahmon (2nd L) attend the groundbreaking ceremony of the Tajikistan section of Line D of the Central Asia-China Gas Pipeline in Dushanbe, capital of Tajikistan

Tajikistan is emerging as a test case for China’s growing security role in Central Asia

Following its economic expansion in Central Asia, China unexpectedly took a step to expand its military dominance in the region. In September 2016, Beijing offered to build 11 new border checkpoints and a new military facility along the Tajikistan-Afghanistan border, which raised some concerns in Russia. Although these moves could position China as a security player in Central Asia, Russian experts seemingly are doubtful about the future of any China-Central Asia military alliance. Notably, Russia has an entrenched presence in the region and its largest foreign military base is located outside the Tajik capital.

China’s economic expansion in Tajikistan is a very young phenomenon. In the early 2000s, Chinese influence in Tajikistan was quite weak and limited, due to the lack of transport networks connecting both countries. Only after the opening of a new major highway between two countries did bilateral trade Oxumağa davam et China’s Economic and Military Expansion in Tajikistan

Is Mullah Haibatullah Akhundzada ready for new war?

Screenshot 2016-05-30 20.58.11

Several days ago, a leader of the Taliban movement Mullah Akhtar Mansoor has been killed in a U.S led drone strike in Pakistan, a year after he was appointed to the post. Ironically, his career did not last so long, even though during his reign, the Taliban fighters successfully carried out military operations against the government troops in the Southern part of Afghanistan. Moreover, the physical elimination of Mullah Mansoor would eventually weaken the military readiness of the Taliban movement. Oxumağa davam et Is Mullah Haibatullah Akhundzada ready for new war?

The Korean Peninsula will be in a state of neither war nor peace for a long time

North Korean trucks carrying missiles pass during a massive military parade in 2010 to mark the 65th anniversary of the communist nation's ruling Workers' Party in Pyongyang. | AP
North Korean trucks carrying missiles pass during a massive military parade in 2010 to mark the 65th anniversary of the communist nation’s ruling Workers’ Party in Pyongyang. | AP

The US armed forces and the Ministry of Defence of South Korea launched scheduled joint exercises on 2 March. The exercises are codenamed “Key Resolve” and “Foal Eagle”. According to the Pentagon, apart from the Americans, the exercises, which will last until the end of April, will involve their satellites – the British, Danish, French and Canadians.

As you might expect, the joint exercises of the allies in South Korea were considered by the North Korean regime to be an act of aggression. Pyongyang demanded an immediate end to the exercises on the peninsula and ordered its army to begin testing new short-range missiles.

Moreover, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un made a public statement in which he demanded that his army be ready for war against “Western enemies”. “The current situation, when a great Oxumağa davam et The Korean Peninsula will be in a state of neither war nor peace for a long time

Afganistan problemi ve Çin faktörü

Original publishing
Son aylarda ABD askeri kuvvetlerinin Afganistanı terk etmesi haberleri gündemi sarmışsa da çoğu uzman olayın perde arkasına bakmayı ihmal ediyor. Afgansitan bölgesinde günü günden artan Çin faktörü bu ülkenin göz ardı edilen ekonomik gücünden haber veriyor.

Çin’in geçen yüzyılda kanlı iç savaştan sonra SSCB modelini uygulamaya koyması ve kısa zamanda büyük askeri güc toplayarak bölgenin üstün devletine dönüşmesi tarihçilere
malumdur. Ilk önceleri bölgenin en güçlüsü olmayı hedefleyen Çin, Oxumağa davam et Afganistan problemi ve Çin faktörü