Kateqoriya arxivləri: China

Baku-Beijing Relations and China’s Growing Interest in the South Caucasus

Chinese President Xi Jinping holds a welcoming ceremony for Azerbaijan President Ilham Aliyev in Beijing, Dec. 10, 2015. (Xinhua/Liu Weibing)

This past January, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev attended a session on “The Silk Road Effect” at the 2017 World Economic Forum in Davos, alongside Georgian Prime Minister Giorgi Kvirikashvili (President.az, January 19). Presumably, the intention of both leaders was to promote the importance of the new China-led “Silk Road Economic Belt” project and its role in the future development of the economy and infrastructure in the South Caucasus. As a source of and as a transit corridor for strategic global resources such as oil and natural gas, as well as the intersection of important transportation routes between the East and West as well as the North and South, the South Caucasus holds great geostrategic importance. While a relatively low priority for China during the early 2000s, more recently the South Caucasus has become an area of great interest as an extension of the highly ambitious Chinese Silk Road project, which aims to connect Europe and East Asia via new roads and railways across the Eurasian landmass. Oxumağa davam et Baku-Beijing Relations and China’s Growing Interest in the South Caucasus

China’s Long March into Central Asia: How Beijing Expands Military Influence in Tajikistan?

Chinese President Xi Jinping shakes hands with Tajik President Emomali Rakhmon during a signing ceremony at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse, Beijing, Sept. 2, 2015 (AP photo by Lintao Zhang).
Chinese President Xi Jinping shakes hands with Tajik President Emomali Rakhmon during a signing ceremony at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse, Beijing, Sept. 2, 2015 (AP photo by Lintao Zhang).

Published by Central Asia – Caucasus Institute (CACI Analyst)

China’s gradually increasing economic role in Central Asia since the early 2000s is unsurprising considering the region’s geographic proximity to China’s dynamic economy. In this context, Beijing has carefully shaped a military strategy in the region, particularly in neighboring Tajikistan. In September 2016, Beijing offered to finance and build several outposts and other military facilities (in addition to the Gulhan post, which was opened in 2012) to beef up Tajikistan’s defense capabilities along its border with Afghanistan, whereas China’s and Tajikistan’s militaries performed a large counter-terrorism exercise in October 2016. These unexpected actions have raised concerns in Russia over rising Chinese influence in Tajikistan.

China’s gradually increasing economic role in Central Asia since the early 2000s is unsurprising considering the region’s geographic proximity to China’s dynamic economy. In this context, Beijing has carefully shaped a military strategy in the region, particularly in neighboring Tajikistan. In September 2016, Beijing offered to Oxumağa davam et China’s Long March into Central Asia: How Beijing Expands Military Influence in Tajikistan?

China’s Economic and Military Expansion in Tajikistan

Chinese President Xi Jinping (1st L) and Tajik President Emomali Rahmon (2nd L) attend the groundbreaking ceremony of the Tajikistan section of Line D of the Central Asia-China Gas Pipeline in Dushanbe, capital of Tajikistan

Tajikistan is emerging as a test case for China’s growing security role in Central Asia

Following its economic expansion in Central Asia, China unexpectedly took a step to expand its military dominance in the region. In September 2016, Beijing offered to build 11 new border checkpoints and a new military facility along the Tajikistan-Afghanistan border, which raised some concerns in Russia. Although these moves could position China as a security player in Central Asia, Russian experts seemingly are doubtful about the future of any China-Central Asia military alliance. Notably, Russia has an entrenched presence in the region and its largest foreign military base is located outside the Tajik capital.

China’s economic expansion in Tajikistan is a very young phenomenon. In the early 2000s, Chinese influence in Tajikistan was quite weak and limited, due to the lack of transport networks connecting both countries. Only after the opening of a new major highway between two countries did bilateral trade Oxumağa davam et China’s Economic and Military Expansion in Tajikistan

Rashad Seyfaddin: “Needless to say that this meeting is a “historic improvement” for both societies”

Photo from personal archive
                                      Photo from personal archive

For the first time since 1949, president of Taiwan and secretary general of Chinese Communist Party held an official meeting in Singapore. According to official statements no further meetings are planned, as expectations from that formal meeting were not so high.

But, why did it happen?

Taiwan’s local opposition is strongly against of any kind of dialogue with China and blamed President Ma – Ying jeou over his Singapore meeting. What is your opinion about it?

Firstly, needed to say that both of sides were preparing for the meeting beforehand, each of detail had been discussed, even the colors of tie, and needless to say that this meeting is ahistoric improvement”, first official meeting between leaders of the Strait since 1949, opening up a historic page in cross-Strait relations. At the same time the choice of  the meeting place is not accidental, the first public meeting between the Taiwanese and mainland Chinese NGOs was held in 1993 in Singapore, so the leaders felt comfortable here and a place where to minimize the chance of rowdy demonstrations, and where journalists are used to disciplined press conferences. Oxumağa davam et Rashad Seyfaddin: “Needless to say that this meeting is a “historic improvement” for both societies”

Daniyar Kosnazarov: “tensions in Asia-Pacific now does not create so much optimism.”

Daniyar Kosnazarov (photo from personal archive)
Daniyar Kosnazarov (photo from personal archive)

Head of Central Asia and Caspian Region Studies – Analytical Complex of the Library of the First President of Kazakhstan, Dr. Daniyar Kasnazarov answered questions about Silk Road project of China and its impact over the region.

Thank you for sharing your time Dr.Daniyar.

There are some important questions regarding the latest updates in Silk Road project, about its geopolitical importance in the region. Oxumağa davam et Daniyar Kosnazarov: “tensions in Asia-Pacific now does not create so much optimism.”

The Korean Peninsula will be in a state of neither war nor peace for a long time

North Korean trucks carrying missiles pass during a massive military parade in 2010 to mark the 65th anniversary of the communist nation's ruling Workers' Party in Pyongyang. | AP
North Korean trucks carrying missiles pass during a massive military parade in 2010 to mark the 65th anniversary of the communist nation’s ruling Workers’ Party in Pyongyang. | AP

The US armed forces and the Ministry of Defence of South Korea launched scheduled joint exercises on 2 March. The exercises are codenamed “Key Resolve” and “Foal Eagle”. According to the Pentagon, apart from the Americans, the exercises, which will last until the end of April, will involve their satellites – the British, Danish, French and Canadians.

As you might expect, the joint exercises of the allies in South Korea were considered by the North Korean regime to be an act of aggression. Pyongyang demanded an immediate end to the exercises on the peninsula and ordered its army to begin testing new short-range missiles.

Moreover, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un made a public statement in which he demanded that his army be ready for war against “Western enemies”. “The current situation, when a great Oxumağa davam et The Korean Peninsula will be in a state of neither war nor peace for a long time

Doğu’da Rusya – Çin Ortaklığı

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Doğu’da günden güne artan Çin etkisi artık Rusya sınırlarına kadar dayanmış bulunmaktadır. Enerji kaynakları çeşitliliğini artıran Çin Cumhuriyeti, Suriye meselesindeki tavrıyla Rusya Cumhurbaşkanı V. Putin’e yürütmüş olduğu diplomaside de destek vermeye devam etmektedir.

Rusya’nın, Suriye’de Beşar Esad’a BM’deki desteği aynı zamanda donanmaya bağlı savaş gemilerini de Akdeniz’e sevk etmesi bölgede değişen güç dengelerinin haberci olarak görülmektedir.
ABD’nin dikkatinin Mısır’da “Müslüman Kardeşler” tarafından başlatılan olaylara yönelmiş olmasından yararlanan Rusya, Suriye ve civarındaki bölgede askeri gücünü artırmaya devam etmektedir. Son olarak Akdeniz’deki savaş gemilerinin beklentileri karşılamaması üzerine Pasifik Okyanusunda görev yapan savaş gemilerini de Suriye açıklarına doğru hareket emri verildi.
Oxumağa davam et Doğu’da Rusya – Çin Ortaklığı