President Donald Trump’s announcement at the end of 2018 that he would withdraw U.S. troops from Syria came as a surprise to all parties involved, sparking particular concern among America’s Syrian Kurdish allies. The move followed President Trump’s declaration of victory over ISIS after a four-year military campaign fighting alongside Syrian Kurdish forces. This sudden and unexpected decision has been widely criticized not only by allies but also those inside the White House, with many analysts arguing that the U.S. withdrawal will expose the Syrian Kurds to an attack by Turkey.
The news caught the Pentagon and local Syrian allies off-guard and ultimately led to the resignation of several senior U.S. officials, including Jim Mattis, the defense secretary, and Brett McGurk, the president’s special envoy to the coalition to defeat ISIS. According to McGurk’s resignation letter, the immediate withdrawal of U.S. troops would be dangerous and lead to a risk of resurgence among the remnants of ISIS in Syria. Oxumağa davam et Will the Syrian Kurds strike a deal with Moscow?→
The Georgian coastal city of Batumi hosted, on May 23, a trilateral meeting of the defense ministers of Azerbaijan, Turkey and Georgia (Azertac, May 23). This trilateral cooperation format was inaugurated in 2012, during a ministerial meeting in Trabzon, Turkey. As expected, a new military memorandum was signed during the Batumi meeting: the three sides pledged to boost military ties as well as increase cooperation in the fields of military education and military medicine, counterterrorism (including the protection of pipelines and railways), and joint large-scale military exercises (APA, May 23). “Our cooperation in the field of defense contributes to strengthening security, peace and economic development,” Azerbaijani Defense Minister Zakir Hasanov told reporters in Batumi (Azertac, May 23). Oxumağa davam et Azerbaijan-Turkey-Georgia: A Geopolitical Axis or an Accidental Alliance?→
The Kurdish enclaves both in Syria and Iraq have never been so close to independence as they now are. Although the issue is a priority for all Kurdish parties and factions, the possibility of the emergence of a unified Kurdish state is quite low, as relations between Syrian and Iraqi Kurdish authorities are complicated.
Iraqi Kurdistan nearly gained independence from Baghdad during the reign of Saddam Hussein. In the aftermath of Saddam’s ouster by the US, the Kurds, led by Masoud Barzani, became the only potent and organized force amid political and economic chaos in Iraq. The Erbil government has managed to establish workable state institutions, including an electoral system, institutions of local government and a military, the Peshmerga. The Kurds successfully carried out military operations against Islamic State in order to take control of oil-rich districts across Kirkuk, thus securing a solid economic basis. Moreover, the current constitution of Iraq, which guarantees a large degree of autonomy to Kurdistan, also considers the possibility of Kurdish independence. Oxumağa davam et What is preventing Kurdish independence?→
In the shadow of a new escalation of civil war in Syria, three new challenges occurred, which would have an undeniable impact on the Middle East region. Firstly, the enlargement of Russian military intervention in Syria (within the involvement of Hamadan airbase). Second, the coalition forces have achieved to liberate the number of towns in Syria from the so-called Islamic State (ISIS). Finally, the third Turkish army has been involved in the conflict against the Islamic State.
Apparently, it is really difficult to estimate correctly the ongoing process in Syria, particularly to predict its long-term repercussions for the regional countries. However, it is safety to note that president Basher Assad will remain in power for next several years. The turning point of the process became an initiative of Turkish president R. Erdogan that aimed to rekindle the bilateral relations with Russia after the SU-24 jet scandal. Oxumağa davam et The future of Kurdish dream in Syria→
After the brutal bomb attack on March of 13 in the heart of Ankara that killed more than 30 people, president Erdogan blamed Kurdish militants and PKK/PYD linked organisations in violence against Turkey and vowed to bring terror to “its knees”. While the latest deadly terrorist attacks both in Ankara and Istanbul raised questions about the Turkish government’s ability to protect its citizens, the situation in the country shifted; as a consequence, Turkey’s conflict with the PKK intensified. Even though no one has claimed responsibility for this attack it could be a signal for a deeply troubling era in Turkey’s Middle Eastern policy. Oxumağa davam et Turkey at crossroads in Syrian war→
Tactics and methods of the terrorist group ISIL “Islamic State of Iraq and Levant” which are based on radical current “Takfirism” are not only poses threat for the Middle East region and the world in general, but also is a serious challenge to the national interests of Islamic Republic of Iran. This threat creates risks for a political impact of the Islamic republic and complicates its situation in respect of national security.
Geçtiğimiz günlerde Irak Kürdistan’ından gelen peşmergelerin Türkiye-Suriye sınır hattındaki Ayn el-Arab şehrine geçmeleri hem askeri hem de politik açıdan önemli bir olay olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Eylül ayından beri Ayn el-Arab’a olan saldırılarını daha da arttıran IŞİD militanlarının esas amacı stratejik nokta sayılan Ayn el-Arab şehrinin tamamını kontrol altına almaktır. Çoğunluğu Kürt nüfustan oluşan bu şehrin ele geçirilmesi IŞİD için oldukça önemlidir. Oxumağa davam et Türkiye ve IŞİD’in Ayn el-Arab Senaryosu→