Will Central Asia Fight Over Water Resources?

Women pick cotton in 2005 in the town of Andijan, Uzbekistan, for farmers who are forced to sign annual agreements with the government to grow one of the country's leading exports. (AP Photo/Mikhail Metzel)
Women pick cotton in 2005 in the town of Andijan, Uzbekistan, for farmers who are forced to sign annual agreements with the government to grow one of the country’s leading exports. (AP Photo/Mikhail Metzel)

Water has always been a major cause of wars and border conflicts in the Central Asian region. For being one of the greatest geographical regions, Central Asia has limited water resources. Modern history of the region has been fueled with various ethnic and territorial clashes. Apparently, the main catalysts behind conflicts have been attempts to take control of rich water resources. The main sources of water in Central Asia are the Syr Darya and Amu Darya Rivers, mostly fed by snow- and glacier-melt from the Pamir, Hindu Kush and Tien Shan mountain ranges. The 2,200-kilometer Syr Darya originates in the Tien Shan, flows through Kyrgyzstan as the Naryn River and combines with the Kara Darya to become the Syr Darya.

The water resource crisis is not a new phenomenon in Central Asia. With the eventual fall of the Soviet Union, the resource-sharing system it imposed on the region totally disintegrated. The root of the problem is that the main water resources in Central Asia Oxumağa davam et Will Central Asia Fight Over Water Resources?

Will the ‘Troika format’ of Astana talks bring peace to Syria?

Turkish Foreign Ministry Deputy Undersecretary Sedat Onal, left, and Kazakh Foreign Minister Kairat Abdrakhmanov shake hands, as Russia’s special envoy on Syria Alexander Lavrentiev and Iran’s Deputy Foreign Minister Hossein Jaber Ansari, right, shake hands and UN Syria envoy Staffan de Mistura stand after the final statement following the talks on Syrian peace in Astana, Kazakhstan, Tuesday, Jan. 24, 2017. (Photo: AP)

On January 23, the next phase of peace talks started in the capital of Kazakhstan, Astana. Syria’s government and opposition forces are to meet in Kazakh capital Astana for the first time since the fall of Aleppo.

Negotiations between the Syrian government delegation and rebel fighters, sponsored by Russia and Turkey – who have been backing different sides of the conflict – are expected to last three days. One of the most significant points of the talks is that this time Syrian opposition is represented mainly by the militant groups, which fight in Syria, not just by secular, and political forces. Nevertheless, uncertainty prevails over all aspects of the talks – from the attendant list to the agenda of the meeting.

The guarantors of the Astana talks – Turkey, Iran, and Russia are seemingly making efforts to show the effectiveness of “Troika” Oxumağa davam et Will the ‘Troika format’ of Astana talks bring peace to Syria?

Nəriman Əbdülrəhmanlı – Könül elçisi

Müasir azərbaycan ədəbiyyatının tanınmış yazıçılarından Nəriman Əbdülrəhmanlının qələmə aldığı “Könül elçisi” romanı süjet xəttinə görə və mövzusuna görə çox unikaldır deyə bilərəm. Əsər Səfəvilər Dövlətinin tanınmış dövlət xadimlərindən biri Oruc bəy Bayatın macəra dolu lakin bir o qədər də keşməkeşli Avropa səfarətindən bəhs edir. Şah Abbasın buyruğu ilə İspaniya sarayına xüsusi bir missiya ilə gedən diplomatik heyət 2 il ərzində həyatın çətin sınaqları ilə üz-üzə qalır. 

Macəranın sonunda Oruc bəy daxil olmaqla heyətin demək olar bütün üzvləri Xristianlığı qəbul edərək Avropada qalmağa qərar verirlər. Xristianlıqdakı adıyla Xuan di Persia olan Oruc bəy Bayat sonradan “Xuan di Persianın gündəlikləri” əsərini çap etdirməyə müvəffəq olur. Həmin bu əsər müasir Avropa tarixçiliyinin bu gün də ən dəyərli əsərlərindən biri hesab edilir.  Oxumağa davam et Nəriman Əbdülrəhmanlı – Könül elçisi

Azerbaijan’s Growing Military Cooperation With Pakistan

Prime minister Nawaz Sharif and President Ilham Aliyev during joint press conference in Baku (2016)
Prime minister Nawaz Sharif and President Ilham Aliyev during the joint press conference. Baku, 2016

Baku is seeking out increased defense imports from Pakistan, including JF-17 aircraft.

Azerbaijan and Pakistan have a unique political relationship that has surpassed territorial boundaries and geographical distances. Pakistan was among the first states to recognize Azerbaijan’s independence following the 1991 Soviet collapse. Today, Pakistan is the only country that has not established diplomatic relations with Baku’s main foe, Armenia. The bilateral strategic cooperation between these two countries embraces the economic, cultural, political, and especially defense fields. Taking into account their close ties, the current level of military cooperation between Azerbaijan and Pakistan needs to be emphasized. While Azerbaijan’s defense industry has strategic relations with various countries, Baku has been seeking ways of expanding military cooperation with Pakistan in particular over the last years.

Given the Pakistan’s status as a nuclear power, combined with its dynamic military muscle, military cooperation can be seen as another fundamental building block of the bilateral relationship. Oxumağa davam et Azerbaijan’s Growing Military Cooperation With Pakistan

Will the Oil Producing Giants’ Rare Cooperation Last?

On November 30, OPEC secured a cut in oil production from 33.8 million barrels a day (b/d) to 32.5 million b/d. As cheap oil from the global oil glut created budgetary shortfalls in oil-producing countries across the world, the severe economic challenges facing petro-states led to this special agreement, which is OPEC’s first to cut oil output since 2008, and the first time that non-OPEC Russia will back the cartel’s cuts to prop up prices since 2001. This unexpected decision sparked a huge rally in the price of both oil and gasoline. Given the state of regional turmoil from Syria to Yemen, however, it is legitimate to ask if politics will cause the agreement to fall apart in 2017.

The agreement was designed to reduce the production in global oil markets. It was successful despite pessimistic forecasts leading up to last month’s meeting in Vienna.After all, OPEC’s April 2016 meeting, held in Doha, ended with no deal, as member countries did not reach any consensus on the level of oil production. Iran participated in private talks led by Qatar, which currently holds the Oxumağa davam et Will the Oil Producing Giants’ Rare Cooperation Last?

Vilayət Quliyev – Baş nazirin xanımı

Vilayət Quliyevin müəllifi olduğu “Baş nazirin xanımı” kitabı özündə Azərbaycan Xalq Cumhuriyyətinin ən önəmli fiqurlarından biri olmuş Nəsib bəy Yusifbəylinin gənclik illərini, onun tələbəlik illəri zamanı Şəfiqə xanım Qaspiralı ilə tanış olduğu dövrləri əhatə edir. Nəsib bəyin həyat yoldaşı Şəfiqə xanım (1886-1971) türk dünyasının böyük fikir adamı, “Tərcüman” qəzetinin naşiri və redaktoru İsmayıl bəy Qaspralının qızı idi. O, yaxın  tarixə

həm də Rusiya imperiyasında müsəlman qadın hərəkatının liderlərindən və müstəqil Krım dövləti uğrunda mübarizənin  öncüllərindən biri kimi daxil olub. Nəsib bəylə Şəfi­qə xanımın yalnız məhəbbət deyil, həm də ideya üzərində qurulmuş ailə Oxumağa davam et Vilayət Quliyev – Baş nazirin xanımı

The Fall of Aleppo: What Does it Mean for Assad’s Regime?

Syrian Civil Defense
Syrian Civil Defense

Until November 27th, the balance of power in the Syrian civil war was unclear as all involved parties had not shown any significant progress over the previous sixty-seven months. The situation is worse in the besieged city of Aleppo, which has been divided since 2012 into two main fronts – pro-Assad forces and rebellion groups. On November 27th, the last resistance point in eastern Aleppo fell following a ferocious ground assault and aerial bombardment of pro-Assad forces, who now control up to one-third of rebel-held east Aleppo.

Eastern Aleppo with 250.000 trapped citizens suffers from lack of electricity, water supply, and medications. The city was almost reduced to rubble by endless air strikes by Russian backed pro-Assad forces.

Following the latest success, Assad’s army will probably advance further to seize Sahur, Haydariyya, and Sheikh Hodr districts in order to divide Eastern Aleppo into two parts, which will cut off the communication lines between eastern opposition forces and the main battle group deployed in Bab-al-Nayrab. The army and its allies claim to have taken full controlof the Jabal Badro and Baadeen districts on Sunday, a day after capturing Hanano, a neighboring residential district. Thus, the recapture of Aleppo by government troops is only a matter of time. Oxumağa davam et The Fall of Aleppo: What Does it Mean for Assad’s Regime?

Stupidity is not a Handicap