Report of Summer School titled “Geopolitics in the Wider Black Sea area”

Geopolitics in the Wider Black Sea Area
Geopolitics in the Wider Black Sea Area

On 22th – 28th of July Center for Strategic Studies within the co-operation of  CIFE (France) had carried out summer school for young experts from various countries titled “Geopolitics in the Wider Black Sea area”. Program coordinator and summer school moderator, Mr.Ariz Huseynov opened theprogram and excitely welcomed all participants.

 

The first day, H.E. Mr. Oleg Serebrian, ambassador of Republic Moldova to France made a presentation on relations of post-soviet countries towards the Russian Federation. While talking with participants he particularly mentioned the conflicts in post soviet area such as;  1) Novorosia, Northern Bukovina, Circassia, Checnya, Dagestan conflicts are potential. 2) Crimea, Transdnestria, Kurdistan, Osetia, Abkhazia, Nagorno Karabakh are frozen conflicts in the CIS area.

Also Mr.Ambassador told about historical border changes of post soviet countries  during the decades. For example:

Bulgaria (1913, 1940), Romania – Soviet border (1918, 1940, 1941, 1944), Moldovan – Ukrainian (1940), Georgian – Turkish (1918 – 1921). 

Finally, Mr. Serebrian answered the questions of participants dedicated to Russian foreign policy to Ukraine and latest situation inside of Ukraine.

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The second speaker, Dr.Rustam Mamedov, professor of international law of Baku State University and expert on Caspian

Dr.Rustam Mamedov
Dr.Rustam Mamedov

Sea legacy. While welcoming the students, professor drew attention to importance and vital meaning of Caspian Sea in the Caucasus and made a presenation on its legacy, relations and demands among the Caspian sea countries. According to his researches, during the USSR natural resources were hidden by the government in order to prevent the future conflicts in the region and to prevent of demands on resources from the Iran’s Shah.

In Dr.Mamedov’s mind “Caspian Sear” is the “border lake” due to 1982 convention that signed between USSR and the UN. He mentioned that, Caspian Sea had connected with Black sea before our century but after decades and centuries they lost connection and Caspian became in “lake” status.

Participants that were interested in energy resources of Caspian sea asked questions about “Shahdeniz” gas field, “Kapaz” gas field and its importance for Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan governemts. Turkemnistan, as it known, claimed up that “Kapaz” (they are calling it as Sardar field) gas field is on the Turkmenistan internal waters but Azerbaijan government denied it. As a result today Caspian Sea legal status is still uncleared. Kazakhstan in comparison with other countries took neutrial position. Iran pretended to 20% of Caspian and Azerbaijan officially rejected to sign such kind of agremeent. Thats why Caspian legal status is still unclear and disputable.

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The next speaker Dr.Anar Valiyev, Dean of ADA University, made a presentation on urbanization and pollution problem of

Dr.Anar Valiyev
Dr.Anar Valiyev

Baku city. ” Baku is the biggest and the most attractive city of the South Caucasus, that why we could bravely called it a capital of the South Caucasus but it has a problem. Serious  urbanization problem ” said Mr.Valiyev.

For Mr.Valiyev an ideal example the biggest cities is Dubai. Taking into consideration Dubai’s history,  its transformation period and standing a financial center of the East, Baku has a great chances to become much more powerful. But urbanization problem is the prime obstacle.

Then Dr.Valiyev asnwered the questions of participants about illegal immigration, pollution and visa giving system of Azerbaijan

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Dr.Rovshan Ibrahimov
Dr.Rovshan Ibrahimov

   Dr.Rovshan Ibrahimov, head of foreign policy department of Center for Strategic Studies under the president of Azerbaijan Republic, made a presentation titled “EU relations with Post-Soviet Republics: Beyond Vilnius Summit”. While beginning his lecture Dr.Ibrahimov gave brief information about Russian foreign policy towards its neighbour countries and the began to compare it with different countries. After, he was talking about conflicts and 2008 “August crisis” between Russia and Georgia, compared with situation in Crimea and Ukraine in nowadays. 

“European Union, which is aims to integrate to the East is not able to struggle with Russia in terms of it is impossible and EU is not ready yet, to fight for Georgia or Ukraine with Russian army. The absolutely refused to clash for Abkhazia and Osetia, they also refused to clash for Crimea. But they still do want to see Ukraine and Georgia as a part of Europe. ” said Dr.Ibrahimov in his lecture.

Then he answered questions about possible armed conflicts in the Caucasus with Russia or other CIS countries.